8 August 2022


Judgments

Supreme Court

Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation vs. Gajadhar Nath

MANU/SC/1200/2021

08.12.2021

Service

Where the inquiry is found to be defective, the employer can lead evidence before the authority to prove misconduct

The order passed by the High Court is the subject matter of challenge in the present appeal at the instance of the employer whereby the order passed by the Industrial Tribunal was not interfered with. The Tribunal directed that, the Respondent be reinstated in service and ordered 50% of the salary to be paid for the period when he was not in employment.

The domestic inquiry conducted can be permitted to be disputed before the Tribunal in terms of Section 11A of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947. This Court in case of The Workmen of Firestone Tyre and Rubber Co. of India (Pvt.) Ltd. v. The Management and Ors. held that, in terms of Section 11A of the Act, if a domestic inquiry has been held and finding of misconduct is recorded, the authorities under the Act have full power and jurisdiction to reappraise the evidence and to satisfy themselves whether the evidence justifies the finding of misconduct. But where the inquiry is found to be defective, the employer can lead evidence to prove misconduct before the authority.

The Tribunal or the High Court could not reject the evidence led by the employer in respect of misconduct of the workman before the adjudicator. Still further non lodging of FIR cannot be the circumstance against the witness examined by the employer. The initiation of criminal proceedings against an employee or not initiating the proceedings has no bearing to prove misconduct in departmental proceedings.

Therefore, the order of removal from service cannot be said to be unfair and unjust in any manner which would warrant an interference at the hands of the Tribunal and the High Court. The reasons recorded by the Tribunal are absolutely perverse and not supported by any evidence. The Tribunal had misapplied the basic principles of law and the High Court has thereafter wrongly confirmed the order. The orders of the High Court and of the Tribunal are set aside. Appeal allowed.

Tags : Reinstatement Direction Legality

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