15 July 2024


High Court of Bombay

Raeesa Begum Vs. Union of India




Railway cannot deny liability to pay amount of compensation, even if passenger died or injured due to his own negligence

In present case, the Tribunal came to the conclusion that, deceased fell down due to his own negligence and, therefore, claimant is not entitled for compensation in view of the proviso contained in Section 124-A of the Railway Act, 1989. The Appellant submitted that, there is no dispute about the death of deceased. All the material documents show that deceased was travelling with a valid ticket. Deceased fell down from running train due to push of the door as he was standing behind the door. It was not his negligence and, therefore, the Appellant is entitled for compensation.

The Hon'ble Apex Court in the case of Jameela and Ors. vs. Union of India (UOI), has held that assuming that deceased fell down from the train due to his own negligence, it is not a criminal act so as to attract clause (c) of proviso to section 124-A of the Railway Act and, therefore, the Railway/Union of India is liable to pay amount of compensation.

In the case of Rina Devi, the Hon'ble Apex Court has held that, "death or injury in course of boarding or de-boarding train will be "untoward incident". Victim will be entitled to compensation and will not fall under proviso to Section 124A merely on plea of negligence of victim as contributing factor." Section 124-A is very clear.

In view of the judgments of Hon'ble Apex Court, even the passenger died or injured due to his own negligence then also Railway cannot deny the liability to pay the amount of compensation. In view of the undisputed facts that, the deceased was travelling by train having a valid train ticket. He died in railway accident, therefore, the Appellant is entitled for compensation of Rs. 8,00,000. In that view of the matter, the appeal is allowed.


Jameela and Ors. vs. Union of India (UOI) MANU/SC/0656/2010
; Union of India (UOI) vs. Rina Devi MANU/SC/0522/2018

Tags : Compensation Payment Liability

Share :